Our bodies are made up of a unique recipe of the 5 great elements: Ether, Air, Fire, Water & Earth. When there is a dominance of 1-2 of those elements in the body, it is called Dosha. Each dosha-type has its own recognizable characteristics in its balanced state, and tell-tale signs for when it is thrown out of balance.
VATA: Air & Ether
IN BALANCE: Vata types are high-energy and very social. Physically they are often tall and lean. They are easily-excitable, and may be a bit chatty.
OUT OF BALANCE: An excess of vata reflects in many ways as instability. Mentally, one may feel anxious, lonely, overly-stressed or depressed. Physically, one may feel “dried out.” Dry skin, hair, eyes and nails may be present, and one may be experiencing gas, bloating and constipation.
PITTA: Fire & Water
OUT OF BALANCE: Too much fire can cause problems. This could come in the form of feeling overly competitive, and easily angry or frustrated. Excessive fighting and even burning bridges is a sign of pitta imbalance. Physically, one may experience heartburn, red eyes, skin irritations and diarrhea.
KAPHA: Earth & Water
OUT OF BALANCE: too much earth and water can slow us down. One may experience fatigue, boredom and lethargy. Excessive water-retention and weight-gain is common, as are tendencies toward hoarding.